Chinese Herbs: A to E


Bai Mao Gen

Bai He


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Bai Mao Gen or Cogongrass Rhizome is a herb is sweet in flavour, cold in nature, which acts on the heart, lung, stomach and urinary bladder channels. Being sweet and cold for clearing heat and moistening dryness, and acting on blood in the heart channel, the herb can clear heat from blood to stop bleeding; acting on Qi in the lung and stomach, the herb can clear heat from the lung and stomach to promote body fluids and moisten dryness. As a sweetherb, it can induce diuresis to treat stranguria. Therefore, the herb is indicated for bleeding due to blood-heat, dryness-heat in the lung and stomach, strangury due to heat, and defficulty and pain in urination.

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Bai He, or Lilium brownii, is indicated for: chronic cough, blood-streaked sputum, difficult to solve chronic low grade fever, insomnia with abundance of dreams, inability to concentrate, restlessness, irritability, due to chronic febrile disease with    yinxu (yin deficient)  Also for palpitations due to qixu (qi deficient) 氣虛 and yinxu (yin deficient). Main applications include: treating of stomach ulcers, treatment of pain in solar plexus because of spleen deficient, treatment of Dengue Fever during frequent urination period, treatment of neurasthenia and treatment of boils.



Bai Ji

Bai Ji Li


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Bai Ji or Hyacinth Bletilla is bitter-sweet and puckery in flavour, slightly cold in nature. It acts on the lung, liver and stomach channels. Being sticky, puckery and acting on blood; having strong effect of stopping bleeding by astringency, the herb is indicated for hemoptysis, haematemesis, traumatic bleeding and other kinds of bleeding caused by hurt in the lung and stomach. With its astringing nature, it can also be used to heal wounds and promote tissue regeneration.

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Bai Ji Li, better known as Tribulus terrestris, is mainly produced in north eastern, northern part of China and in Qinghai, Xizang, and along the Yangtze River of China. It is mainly indicated for: achy loin due to deficiency, spermatorrhea, leukorrhea, headache, dizziness, pink eyes with tears, keratitis, cloudiness in cornea, chronic bronchitis with coughing, milk not flowing, itchiness, rash, vitiligo.



Bai Qian

Bai Wei


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Bai Qian, or Cynanchum stauntonii, is used in treatments of cough due to influenza, bronchitis, asthma with abundance of phlegm. Usually bai qian is being used together with zi wan and ban xia. It can be used in both cold type and hot type of cough.

 

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Bai wei, or Swallowwort root, relieves heat, edema, snake bite, toxic sores, swollen and painful throat; it also promotes urination. Cardiac tonic ingredients of bai wei stimulate the heart muscle and improve contraction and slow down heart rate. Bai wei can also inhibit pneumococcus.



Bai Zhu

Ban Lan Gen


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Bai Zhu, or Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, is commonly used for treating the following conditions: liver cirrhosis, liver cancer. In case of yinxu, raw bai zhu can also be used with other herbs according  to diagnostics. Other indications: children drooling, Meniere's disease, constipation, chronic back pain, acute infection of intestine and low white cell count.

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Bǎn lán gēn (Eng: Indigowoad Root - Chinese: 板藍根) is a traditional Chinese medicine herb that comes from the roots of woad. The herb is cultivated in various regions of northern China, namely Hebei, Beijing, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, and Gansu. The roots are harvested during the autumn, then dried and processed into granules, which are most commonly consumed dissolved in hot water or tea. The product, called Banlangen Keli, is very popular throughout China, and used to remove toxic heat, soothe sore throat and to treat influenza, measles, mumps, syphilis, inflammation or scarlet fever.



Ban Xia

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Ban xia, is one of the most important herbs in Chinese Medicine to transform phlegm and stop coughing. The herb is warm and drying and should be used only in people who are not hot or dry (known as "Yin deficient".) It is used in small 3-6 gram dosages in herbal formulas to warmly dry the lungs, to stop nausea and vomiting, and to address goiters or scrofula. Slices of the dried root are also used as a base for moxibustion. Because the raw root is toxic, it is soaked in water to remove oxalates and other irritants, or processed with ginger. Unprocessed root is only used externally in Chinese Medicine.

Bai Shao

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Chinese Peony (芍 or 白芍, pronounced in Chinese "sháo" or "bái sháo"; "bái" meaning "white"), and common garden peony is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Paeoniaceae, native to central and eastern Asia from eastern Tibet across northern China to eastern Siberia. It is used as a medicinal herb in traditional Chinese medicine, to reduce fever and pain, and on wounds to stop bleeding and prevent infection. An antispasmodic effect is also recorded in the Japanese pharmacopoeia. The leaves of many cultivars are high in oleanolic and ursolic acid.



Bei Sha Shen

Bei Xing Ren


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Bei Sha Shen (Chinese: 北沙參) is native to eastern Asia, particularly eastern China, Japan, and far-eastern Russia, and western North America from Alaska to northern California. The plant is best known as a Chinese herbal remedy for cough.

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Xing Ren or Bei Xing Ren or Ku Xing Ren is also known as Bitter Apricot Kernel. The warm, bitter and slightly toxic herb has been used in TCM to treat coughing and asthma, enhance bowl movement. moisten the intestine, etc, as it calms cough and asthma, enhances expeling of phlegm, stop conspitation, etc., by enhancing the function of lung and large intestine channels.



Bie Jia

Bie Jia, also known as Chinese Soft Turtle Shell is used to nourish the yin, anchor yang - yin deficiency with fever, steaming bone, night sweats, and is also often used when these symptoms are accompanied by internal liver wind symptoms. Bie Jia invigorates the blood, promotes menses, dissipates nodules - chest and flank accumulations causing pain, amenorrhea, malarial disorders with palpable masses, excessive menses due to heat in the blood.

Bing Lan

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Bing Lan, or  Semen Arecae Catechu, also known as Betel Nut, can be used to kill and expell parasitic agents such as tapeworms, fascioplopsis, pinworms, roundworms, and blood flukes. Caution should be used, as overdoses can cause increased salivation, vomiting, diuresis, and stupor.

 



Cang Zhu

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Cāng zhú (苍术 or 蒼术 or 蒼朮), also known as black Atractylodes rhizome or Rhizoma Atractylodes, is the dried rhizome of Atractylodes Lancea. The medicine is distinguished from Bái Zhú (白术 or 白朮, or Atractylodes Macrocephala), which is typically cultivated, whereas Cāng Zhú more often tends to be collected in the wild. In traditional Chinese medicine the herb is described as spicy, pungent, bitter, warm, and aromatic, acting on the spleen and stomach meridians. It is also used to treat night blindness or optic atrophy, either alone or as a component of Shi Ju Ming and to relieve stagnant liver qi, reducing stress and relieving depression, in mixtures such as Jue Ju Wan.

Chen Pi

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Chenpi or chen pi is sun-dried tangerine (mandarin) peel used as a traditional seasoning in Chinese cooking and traditional medicine. They are aged by storing them dry. They have a pungent and bitter taste



Chi Shao

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Chi Shao is the root of Peony (白芍, 赤芍) and comes in two varieties: bai shao(white) and chi shao (red), the root of the plant is used in both varieties. Chi Shao (common Name: Red Peony Root) has the following TCM. qualities: Sour, Bitter, Cool. Meridians: Liver, Spleen. It Clears the heat, cools blood, invigorates blood and dispel stasis to treat irregular menses, dysmenorrhoea, amenorrhea, abdominal pain, and fixed abdominal masses.

Chuan Lian Zi

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Chuan Lian Zi, known as Sichuan Pagoda Tree Fruit promotes the movement of Qi and stops pain (flank, rib, or abdominal pain due to liver qi stagnation or liver-stomach disharmony); it also helps with hernial disorders, and is good with heat signs. It clears heat, dries dampness, regulates qi, alleviates pain due to damp-heat stagnant qi. Furthermore, it kills parasites and stops pain associated with presence of roundworms and tape worms. It can be compared to Xia Ku Cao, Long Dan Cao, Zhi Zi for its usage in clearing liver heat function.



Chuan Xu Duan

Da Fu Pi


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(Chuan) Xu Duan, or Japanese Teasel Root is used to tonify liver and kidney, strengthen sinews and bones, addressing lower back and/or knee weakness and pain and stiff joints. It tonifies without causing stagnation. The root can also stop uterine bleeding, calm the fetus (or the related bleeding during pregnancy), and the risk of miscarriage. It can also be used to promote blood circulation, alleviate painand traumatic injuries in the lower back and legs, external conditions such as sores.

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Da Fu Pi is known as Areca Peel, or Betel Husk. It promotes the downward movement of Qi, reduces stagnation (such as food stagnation and qi obstruction with epigastric and abdominal distention), belching, acid regurgitation, constipation. It also expels damp, promoting urination - edema, dampness in the stomach and intestines.



Da Huang

Da Hui Xiang


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Da Huang is the Chinese name of Rhubarb. Da Huang drains heat and purges accumulations (associated with high fever, profuse sweating, thirst, constipation, abdominal distention and pain, delirium, yellow tongue coating, and full pulse, which indicates intestinal heat excess or yang ming stage illness). It also drains heat from the blood (signaled by blood in the stool from bleeding hemorrhoids or heat in the intestine) and addresses vomting blood or nosebleed accompanied by constipation. It can invigorate the blood and dispels blood stasis - amenorrhea, abdominal masses, fixed pain due to blood stasis (recent and long-term blood stasis). Finally, it helps clearing heat and reduces fire toxicity - for burns, hot skin.

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Da Hui Xiang, also Ba Jiao Hui Xiang, or the Star Anise Fruit in English, is a fantastic little creation of nature. This is one of our favorite herbs, with its deep Licorice-like aroma and fascinating design. A Cold-Dispersing, warming herb, Star Anise warms the Kidney and Liver, relieves pain, and has a mild ability to regulate circulation as well. We sell whole intact Star Anise with a fresh and robust aroma. Star Anise is acrid and sweet in flavor, and energetically warming. Star Anise enters the Liver, Kidney, and Spleen meridians.



Da Zao

Dong Gua Pi


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Da Zao (or Jujube) fruits are used in Chinese and Korean traditional medicine, to alleviate stress, and also for its antifungal, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, sedative, antispastic, antifertility/contraception, hypotensive, cardiotonic, antioxidant, immunostimulant and wound-healing properties. The plant may help prevent impairment of hippocampal memory. A controlled clinical trial found the fruits helpful for chronic constipation. The fruit, being mucilaginous, is very soothing to the throat and decoctions of jujube have often been used in pharmacy to treat sore throats.

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Dong Gua Pi is the peel of Chinese wintermelon. It is commonly used for Hot-Lin Syndrome. Dong Gua Pi is often used externally to address Damp-Heat toxin on the skin. For medicinal use, the peel should be sliced in long thin pieces that when dried will be grayish green in color. The winter melon seeds (Dong Gua Ren) are also used in Chinese medicine.



Dan Dao Chi

Dang Shen


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Dan Dao Chi (or Dan Dou Chi) releases exterior for hot or cold pathogens, relieves irritability, disperses constrained heat above diaphram For the herb Dan Dou Chi, the black soybean is prepared with other exterior releasing herb such as Qing Hao (Artemisiae annuae) and Sang Ye (Mori alba) in order to increase its medicinal effectiveness. The added herbs are cooked into a decoction, which is then used to steam the soybeans until very soft. The beans are then mixed with the herb dregs from the decoction, left to ferment for some time, and then dried.

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Codonopsis pilosula (Chinese: 党参; pinyin: dǎngshēn), also known as dang shen or poor man's ginseng, is a perennial species of flowering plant native to Northeast Asia and Korea and usually found growing around streambanks and forest openings under the shade of trees. The roots of C. pilosula (radix) are used in traditional Chinese medicine to lower blood pressure, increase red and white blood cell count, cure appetite loss, strengthen the immune system, and replenish qi. The roots are harvested from the plant during the third or fourth year of growth and dried prior to sale. The root is also used as a gentler and more economical substitute for Panax ginseng.



Dong Quai

Du Zhong


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Angelica sinensis, commonly known as "dong quai" or "female ginseng" is a herb indigenous to China and is widely used in Chinese traditional medicine to treat gynecological ailments, fatigue, mild anemia and high blood pressure. It has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and sedative effects. The plant's phytochemicals consist of: coumarins, phytosterols, polysaccharides, ferulate, and flavonoids. It has antioxidant activity and it is also used as an aphrodisiac.

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Eucommia is a small tree native to China. It is near threatened in the wild, but is widely cultivated in China for its bark, highly valued in herbology such as Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The bark is used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat lower back pain, aching knees, and to prevent miscarriage. Also used to "tonify" the Yang.