Chinese Herbs: P to T


Pang Da Hai

Pi Ba Yie


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Sterculia scaphigera is a deciduous tropical nut-bearing tree of genus Sterculia. Seeds of this plant are known as Pang Da Hai in Chinese-speaking countries and are used as herbal remedies in Indonesian and Chinese medicine. Beverages brewed from S. scaphigera seeds have the consistency of weak tea or higher, and are often drunk together with the boiled pulp of the seed. They are traditionally taken as a restorative to treat loss of the voice from the common cold, flu, laryngitis, and for this reason are a popular refreshment served at Karaoke

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Pi Ba (or: Ba) Ye is known as Loquat leaf or Eriobotrya. It is used to transform phlegm, clear Lung heat, direct Lung qi downward, harmonize Stomach, clear Stomach heat, and alleviate nausea. Eriobotrya japonica is known as the loquat, a fruit tree indigenous to Japan and southeastern China, often mentioned in ancient Chinese literature and poetry. The loquat fruit is called "pi pa", because its shape resembles that of a mandolin-like Chinese musical instrument called pi pa.



Pu Huang

Qin Jiao


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Pu Huang is known as Cattail pollen, Typha pollen, or Bulrush. In TCM, it stops bleeding, invigorates the blood, and promotes urination. Typha is a marginal aquatic perennial plant that can be found growing in temperate and tropical regions around the world. It forms dense clumps around lakes and large ponds, spreading by thick rhizomes in shallow water and can become very invasive unless the water is quite deep. The characteristic fuzzy cylindrical flower spikes of the plant give rise to its vernacular name, "Water Candle".

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Qin Jiao has been used in Chinese herbalism for over 2,000 years and, like other members of this genus, the roots contain some of the most bitter compounds known and make an excellent tonic for the whole digestive system, working especially on the stomach, liver and gall bladder[238, 254]. The root is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antirheumatic, diuretic, febrifuge, hypoglycaemic and hypotensive. The root is used internally in the treatment of digestive problems, arthritis, allergic inflammations, low-grade fever in chronic diseases, jaundice and hepatitis. The root is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use.



Qing Dai

Rou Gui


Qing Dai, a traditional Chinese medicine, is derived from dried leaves and stems of baphicacanthus cusia (Nees) Bremek., Polygonumtinctorium Ait., or Isatis indigotica Fort. Its main production is Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui, Hebei and other places. The best quality of Qingdai is Fujian’s production, called “Jian Qingdai”. It is harvested and collected leaves of above said plants in fall, then immersed them into water to rotten, taken out the rotten leaves before added to a defined mount of lime milk, fully stirred immersion, and when the color of immersion changed from black green to deep red, taken out liquid foam and dried in the sun, finally, grinded powder.

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Rou Gui, or Cinnamon Bark (肉 桂) has a acrid, sweet and very warm. It is use as tonic for stomach, rid of wind, to promote sweating, for headache, anemia, cold limbs, to promote urination. It promotes lung qi in chill and fever, cold phlegm, diarrhea, muscle spasm, headache, back pain, sweating. It also strengthening muscles and bones, promoting circulation. It use in impotence due to lack of fire.



San Qi

Sang Ye


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San Qi, or Panax notoginseng is a species of the genus Panax. The scientific names for the plant commonly used are either Panax notoginseng or Panax pseudoginseng, and is most commonly referred to as notoginseng. The herb is also referred to as pseudoginseng, and in Chinese it is called 田七 (Tiánqī), Tienchi ginseng, or sanchi. Notoginseng belongs to the same scientific genus as Asian ginseng. In Latin, the word panax means "cure-all", and the family of ginseng plants is one of the most well-known herbs. Panax pseudoginseng is not an adaptogen like the better known Panax species, but it is famous as a hemostatic herb that both invigorates and builds blood.

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Sang ye, or White mulberry leaf disperses wind-heat, calms Liver, clears eyes, clears Lungs, moitens dryness, cools blood, and stops the bleeding. In Chinese medicine, various parts of the White Mulberry are used. The leaves (Sang Ye), root bark (Sang Bai Pi), twigs (Sang Zhi), and dried fruit (Sang Shen) are all used medicinally.



Sha Ren

Sheng Ma


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Sha Ren  is used for indigestion, abdominal distention and pain, epigastric distention and pain, lack of appetitie, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.  Sha Ren has demonstrated inhibiting and stimulating gastrointestinal  effects and mild antiplatelet effects. Sha Ren is shown to be effective on patients with nausea  and peptic ulcer disease .Sha Ren has anti-platelet action and caution should be used with patients taking antiplatelet or anticoagulant meds. This possible interaction is undocumented.

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Sheng Ma is acrid, slightly sweat and slightly cold. The channels Sheng Ma influences are Lung, Spleen, Stomach, and Large Intestines. The herb discharges exterior conditions and vents rashes, clears heat, resolves toxicity  and raises the Yang. In TCM, Sheng Ma bulk herb is used in the daily dosage of 3 to 9 g. In most cases, bulk herbs are cooked in boiling water to make tea or soup for consumption.



Shi Hu

Si Gua Lo


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Shi Hu, or Bushel of Stone nourishes Stomach and Kidney yin, clears heat from deficiency, generates fluids, and tonifies essence. the plant belomngs to the orchid family. The most common substitution for this herb is Ephemerantha fimbriata, which has very similar attributes and functions.

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Si Gua Lo, known as Luffa, Loofah, or Smooth Luffa, resolves toxicity, reduces swelling, unblocks channels and colaterals, invigorates blood, and transforms phlegm. Smooth luffa is indigenous to India and Egypt. In China the very young fruits are cooked as a vegetable similar to zucchini. For medicinal purposes, good quality Si Gua Lou should have the skin and seeds removed, consisting of clean, white pieces with a fine reticular network.



Su Geng

Su Mu


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The name Su Geng refers to the stem of Perilla frutescens, which is pungent-spicy, sweet and warm. It enters through the lung, spleen and stomach meridians. The herb promotes qi in the chest and diaphram (relieving distention and pain in the chest, abdomen and costal region) and calms restless fetuses. Perilla stem (Sugeng) is usually combined with Cyperus tuber (Xiangfu) and Tangerine peel (Chenpi).

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Su Mu (Sappan wood) is used for blood stagnation manifested as dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea and postpartum abdominal pain. Sappan wood (Sumu) is used with Chinese angelica root (Danggui), Red peony (Chishao) and Safflower (Honghua). It also swellings and pains caused by external injuries. Sappan wood (Sumu) is used with Frankincense (Ruxiang) and Myrrh (Moyao).



Tai Zi Shen

Tian Hua Fen


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Tai Zi Shen, or Pseudostellaria heterophylla, known commonly as Hai Er Shen (Chinese: 孩兒參, Kid Ginseng), and false starwort, is an adaptogen in the Caryophyllaceae family that is used in Chinese medicine and herbalism to tonify the qi and generate yin fluids. It is known as the "ginseng of the lungs". The plant is a low growing plant of the pink family that is grown in Southern China in the provinces of Jiangsu, Anhui, Shandong, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Henan, Shaanxi, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hubei, and Shanxi

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Tia Hua Fen is also known as Trichosanthes root, Chinese cucumber, or Snakegourd. In TCM, it drains heat, generates fluids, alleviates thirst, transforms phlegm, and reduces swelling. The root of Tricosanthes kirilowii is dried for the herb Tian Hua Fen, while the whole fruit is dried as the herb Gua Lou, the fruit peel is Gua Lou Pi, and seeds are Gua Lou Ren. Roots are harvested in late fall when the plant is dormant.



Tian Ma

Tong Cao


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Tian Ma or Gastrodia is a perennial plant that grows wild in the forests of Sichuan and Yunnan. Gastrodia is known for its property of calming erratic wind, settling tremors and convulsions, and reducing pain. It is commonly used in migraines, numbness of limbs, childhood fits and dizziness. In the hands of experienced herbalists, Gastrodia has been known to cure epilepsy. Also, Gastrodia is commonly used as a main ingredient in herbal formulas that address hypertension.

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Tong Cao is sweet and tasteless in flavour, and slightly cold in nature.It cats on lung and stomach channels. Being sweet and tasteless for inducing diuresis and excreting dampness, and slightly cold for clearing heat, the herb can ensure proper downward flowing of heat to treat stranguria, and clear breast channel to stimulate milk secretion. It has the effects of clearing heat, inducing diuresis, promoting Qi circulation and stimulating milk secretion. The herb is indicated for stranguria due to heat, galactostasis and other syndromes.